Extracts

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Laws, are different for animals

swedenborg

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[1 of 4] Swedenborg (1688-1772, Sweden): primary subject "Humans, makeup, nature of" (search under Outer Life/Body)": source "Divine Love and Wisdom": detail "Section 240"
There are two faculties from the Lord with man, by which he is distinguished from the beasts. One faculty is that he is able to understand what truth is and what good is; this faculty is called rationality, and it is the faculty of his understanding. The other faculty is that he is able to do what is true and good; this faculty is called liberty, and it is the faculty of his will. Thus a man is able by his rationality to think whatever he pleases, either with God or against God, either with the neighbour or against the neighbour; and also he is able to will and to do what he thinks; but when he sees evil and fears punishment, by his liberty he is able to desist from doing.
 By virtue of these two faculties a man is a man, and is distinguished from the beasts. Man has these two faculties from the Lord, and has them continually from Him; nor are they taken away, for were they taken from him his humanity would perish. In these two faculties the Lord is with every man, both with the good and with the evil; they are the Lord's dwelling in the human race: hence it is that every man, whether he be good or whether he be evil, lives to eternity.


[2 of 4] Swedenborg (1688-1772, Sweden): primary subject "Humans, born into ignorance" (search under Inner Life/Mind, Psyche, Soul, Spirit)": source "Conjugial Love": detail "Section 350"
It is well known, that a man by birth is viler than the beasts. All the beasts are born into the knowledges corresponding to the love of their life; for as soon as they are born, or are hatched from the egg, they see, hear, walk, know their food, their dam, their friends and foes; and soon after this they show attention to sex, and to the affairs of love, and also to the rearing of their offspring. Man alone, at his birth, knows nothing of this sort; for no knowledge is connate to him; he has only the faculty and inclination of receiving those things which relate to knowledge and love; and if he does not receive these from others, he remains viler than a beast. Man is born in this condition to the end that he may attribute nothing to himself, but to others, and at length everything of wisdom and of the love thereof to God alone, and may hence become an image of God.

[3 of 4] Swedenborg (1688-1772, Sweden): primary subject "Humans, born into ignorance" (search under Inner Life/Mind, Psyche, Soul, Spirit)": source "True Christian Religion": detail "Section 48"
A man is born into no science, to the intent that he may arrive at all science, and advance to understanding, and thereby to wisdom; and he is born into no love, to the intent that be may arrive at all love, by a prudent and intelligent application of the sciences; and by love towards his neighbor, unto love to God, and thus be conjoined with God, and by that means become truly a man, and live eternally.

[4 of 4] Swedenborg (1688-1772, Sweden): primary subject "Laws, are different for animals" (search under Cosmology/Science)": source "Apocalypse Explained, vol.6": detail "Section 1202"
The difference between men and beasts is like that between waking and dreaming, or between light and shade. Man is spiritual and at the same time natural; a beast, on the other hand, is not spiritual but natural. Man possesses a will and understanding, his will being the receptacle of the heat of heaven, which is love, and his understanding being the receptacle of the light of heaven, which is wisdom. A beast, on the other hand, has neither will nor understanding, but instead of the former it has affection, and instead of the latter, knowledge. The will and understanding in man can act as one, and also not as one; for man, from his understanding, can think what is not of his will, being able to think what he does not will, and on the contrary, he can will that which he does not think. But with a beast affection and knowledge make one, and cannot be separated; for its knowledge is limited by its affection, and its affection is according to its knowledge. And the two faculties, which are called knowledge and affection, cannot be separated in the case of a beast, therefore a beast is not able to destroy the order of its life, and is born into all the knowledge which accords with its affection. But the case is different with man. His two faculties of life, which are called understanding and will, can be separated; he therefore had the power to destroy the order of his life, by thinking contrary to his will, and willing contrary to his understanding, and by this means he has destroyed it. Consequently, he is born in entire ignorance, that out of it, through knowledge he may be introduced into order by means of the understanding. The order into which man was created, is to love God above all things and his neighbor as himself, and the state into which he came after he had destroyed that order, is that of loving himself above all things, and the world as himself. …
 Since man has both a spiritual mind and a natural mind, the former being above the latter, and of such a nature that it is capable of contemplating and loving truths and goods in every degree, either in conjunction with the natural mind or separately from it, it follows that the interiors of man, which belong to both minds, are capable of being elevated to the Lord by the Lord, and of conjunction with Him; this is the reason why every man lives for ever. This is not the case with a beast; it does not possess a spiritual mind, but only a natural one, therefore its interiors, which pertain merely to knowledge and affection, cannot be elevated by the Lord and conjoined to Him, consequently a beast does not live after death.