Extracts

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Judgment, Last

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[1 of 4] Swedenborg (1688-1772, Sweden): primary subject "Judgment, Last" (search under Outer Life/Doctrine, Rites, Scriptures)": source "Of the Last Judgment and the Babylon which has been Destroyed": detail "Section 45 - 46"
The last judgment does not exist on the earth, but in the spiritual world, where all who have lived from the beginning of creation are together; and since it is so, it is impossible for any man to know when the last judgment is accomplished, for everyone expects it to exist on earth, accompanied by a change of all things in the visible heaven, and in the countries of the earth and in mankind who dwell there. Lest therefore the man of the church from ignorance should live in such a belief, and lest they who think of a last judgment should expect it forever, whence at length the belief of those things which are said of it in the literal sense of the Word [Bible] must perish, and lest haply therefore many should recede from their faith in the Word, it has been granted me to see with my own eyes that the last judgment is now accomplished; that the evil are cast into the hells, and the good elevated into heaven, and thus that all things are reduced into order, the spiritual equilibrium between good and evil, or between heaven and hell, being thence restored. It was granted me to see all these things with my own eyes, in order that I might be able to testify of them. This last judgment was commenced in the beginning of the year 1757, and was fully accomplished at the end of that year.
 But it ought to be known that the last judgment was effected upon those who had lived from the Lord's time to this day, but not upon those who had lived before: for a last judgment had twice before existed on this earth. This is because every judgment exists at the end of a church, and there have been two churches on this earth, one before the flood, and one after it. The church before the flood is described in the beginning of Genesis by the new creation of the heaven and the land, and by paradise; its end, by the eating of the tree of science, and the subsequent particulars; and its last judgment by the flood; the whole by mere correspondences, according to the style of the Word; in the internal or spiritual sense of which, by the creation of the heaven and the land, the institution of a new church is understood; by the paradise in Eden, its celestial wisdom; by the tree of science, and by the serpent, the scientific which destroyed it; and by the flood, the last judgment upon the men of whom it consisted. But the other church, which was after the flood, is also described in certain passages in the Word, as in Deut. xxxii, 7 to 14, and elsewhere. This church was extended through much of the Asiatic world, and was continued among the posterity of Jacob. Its end was when the Lord came into the world. A last judgment was then effected by Him upon all who belonged to that church from its first institution; and, at the same time, upon the residue of the first church. The Lord came into the world for that end, to reduce all things in the heavens into order, and all things in the countries of the earth, by means of the heavens, and at the same time to make His Human Divine; for if this had not been done, no man could have been saved.


[2 of 4] Swedenborg (1688-1772, Sweden): primary subject "Judgment, Last" (search under Outer Life/Doctrine, Rites, Scriptures)": source "Of the Last Judgment and the Babylon which has been Destroyed": detail "Section 29 - 30"
The last judgment is in the spiritual world, and not in the natural world. And moreover, no one is judged from the natural man, or therefore during the life in the natural world, for man is then in a natural body: but everyone is judged in the spiritual man, and therefore when he comes into the spiritual world, for man is then in a spiritual body. It is the spiritual in man which is judged, but not the natural, for no blame or criminality can be imputed to it, since it does not live of itself, but is only the servant, and passive instrument of the spiritual man. Hence also it is, that judgment is effected upon men when they have put off their natural, and put on their spiritual bodies. In the spiritual body moreover, man appears such as he is with respect to love and faith, for everyone in the spiritual world is the effigy of his own love, not only as regards the face and the body, but even as regards the speech and the actions. Hence it is, that the true qualities of all are known, and their instantaneous separation effected, whenever the Lord pleases.

[3 of 4] Swedenborg (1688-1772, Sweden): primary subject "Judgment, Last" (search under Outer Life/Doctrine, Rites, Scriptures)": source "Of the Last Judgment and the Babylon which has been Destroyed": detail "Section 33"
There are many reasons why the last judgment exists, when the end of the church is; the principal is, that then, the equilibrium between heaven and hell, and man's essential liberty along with it, begin to perish; and when man's liberty perishes, he can no longer be saved, for he cannot then be led to heaven in freedom, but is hurried into hell apart from freedom; for no man can be reformed without free-will, and all man's free-will is the result of the equilibrium between heaven and hell.

[4 of 4] Swedenborg (1688-1772, Sweden): primary subject "Judgment, Last" (search under Outer Life/Doctrine, Rites, Scriptures)": source "Arcana Coelestia, vol.12": detail "Section 10622"
In general, by consummation is meant the end of the Church, and the end of the Church comes, when there is no longer any charity and faith, because then the Church turns itself wholly from the Lord, and is no longer in any good, but in evil. Then is its consummation, and then visitation takes place. When visitation takes place then all those are rejected who are in evil, and all are received who are in good. Visitation takes place in the other life, where all those who have belonged to the Church from its beginning even to its end are together. The casting of the evil into hell, and the salvation of the good is what is called the Last Judgment.
 Consummation in particular takes place with every man almost in the same way. Every one, when he comes into the other life, which is the case immediately after death, is tolerated among the good even if he is evil. But in process of time his interior states are made manifest; and if these are evil, he is then brought by degrees into his own evil, until he becomes his own evil in respect to the will, and the falsity of his evil in respect to his understanding. When this takes place, evil is said to be consummated with him, and he is then cast into hell.